Vedic language The first developed human language

Bháratavarśa 1500 BC

The first developed human language was the Vedic language. The Vedic Aryans who used to speak in the Vedic language about 15,000 years ago could not write. At that time there was no script.  They learned how to write about 5600 years ago. By the time of the Mahabharata 3500 years ago, the Vedic language was dead.  In its place were its seven daughters or Prakrta languages flourishing in Bháratavarśa, the fertile kingdoms of the Himalayan plain lands carrying the rich vocabulary and expression of the Vedic language. From these Prakrta languages a new language was systematically reconstituted with grammar and became the formal language of Samskrta as we know it today.

<< From the study of history, it is known that the Rgveda was composed outside India, mainly in Central Asia and Russia. The Yajurveda was written mostly outside India; only a portion was written in India. And the Atharvaveda was composed in Afghanistan and India. Those three Vedas – Rk, Yaju and Atharva – long afterwards, say about 3500 years ago – were edited and divided into different branches by Maharśi Krśńadvaepáyana Vyása..>>

The people of India were not conversant with the Vedas till the advent of Veda Vyasa who reintroduced them to the people at large. Therefore he became popularly known as “Veda Vyasa.” He was also the author of the Mahábhárata epic and a contemporary of Lord Krsna.

<<Saḿskrta was not the natural language (matrbhasa) of anybody nor had it ever been. The natural language of Krśńa was Shaorasenii Prákrta. With Vasudeva, Nanda and Yashoda He talked in this very language, but with the Pandavas and the Kaoravas in Saḿskrta.>>

<<Krśńa took birth at a critical juncture in the history of the human society. The Vedic age was coming to an end and exploitation had reached its zenith point, with the opportunists finding ample scope for preying on the human society. At that critical moment in history, He expected people to come forward and sympathise with the poor and miserable, and help to alleviate their suffering. >>

<<People’s individual qualities then had not taken a collective shape. People did not know the art of living collectively. The individual qualities that lacked a sense of collectivity were given such a sense by Lord Krśńa. Suppose a person has a faculty for medicine. If one’s medical knowledge is channeled and utilized in a medical college, this will bring about the collective shaping of one’s individual attribute. This applies to all faculties. Lord Krśńa wanted to bring about a social synthesis, the seed of which was sown by Lord Shiva.>>

In the famous shloka (saying) of Krsna in the Mahabharata epic, Krsna addresses Arjuna as “Bhárata” in the spirit as a noble representative of the fertile lands of ‘Bháratavarśa’.

Yadá yadá hi dharmasya glánirbhavati Bhárata;
Cábhyutthánamadharmasya tadátmánaḿ srjámyáham.

- O Bhárata, at a time when dharma is distorted and adharma is ascendant, I create myself out of my own fundamental factors.-

<<When the Aryans came from Central Asia to India, they came first to the Saptanada Desha (the Land of Seven Rivers), which later on was known as Paiṋcanada Desha or Punjab, (the Land of Five Rivers). Next they entered the Kashmir area. There they saw pebbles which were bluish in colour, looking like jambu (a fruit that resembles an olive except for the blue colour). These pebbles were then known as “jambushilá” (pebbles looking like jambu). The country in which, jambushilá was found was named Jambu Dviipa. At present Jambu is known as Jammu. Jambu Dviipa at that time meant the area stretching from Afghanistan to the Philippines, all of Southeast Asia.

There was and still is a fertile land within Jambu Dviipa where food was easily available. The time that the people of that area had left over from work they utilized in psychic and spiritual pursuits. They practised every possible means of psychic development. The patch of land which easily yielded grains was known as Bháratavarśa.

The word “bhárata” is derived from the Saḿskrta root “bhar” plus the root “tan”. When the root “bhar” suffixed by “al” is combined with the root “tan” suffixed by “d́a”, the word “bhárata” is derived. And the word “varśa” means “country” (it can also mean “year” or “rainy season”). “Bhar” means that which nourishes, and “tan” means that which causes to expand. Food here was easily available to the Aryans as compared to Central Asia, and the extra time at their disposal was utilized in physical, psychic and spiritual expansion.>>

Bháratavarśa was divided into a number of diverse smaller states which had no unity among them. There were feuds and wars.  And in the absence of unity, no development of the country as a whole was ever possible. But culturally Bháratavarśa is a land of a single social group.

Krsna’s ambition was to bring the fragmented parts of the land together and to establish a bond of unity among them. And that he did accomplish. Krśńa was the great personality of that age who could attract everyone with his extraordinary personality and bring about the Mahabhárata.

Text in brackets <<>> by Shrii PR Sarkar
Vedic language The first developed human language Vedic language The first developed human language Reviewed by Raam Iyer on February 10, 2018 Rating: 5

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